Ash (white) Heartwood on white ash is usually light colored, with its sapwood having very wide rings. Grain and texture is medium to course (open), similar to that of oak. Great to work with as it responds well to steam, stains, glues, and finishes. It is one of the least expensive hardwoods, yet is very strong. Often used in flooring, turned pieces, tables, and even bats. It is forested throughout eastern North America.
Birch (natural) A northeastern hardwood, birch is widely used in woodworking and is popular for its light color. Little color distinction exists amongst the growth rings, giving the wood a uniform appearance. Consider birch when looking for a cost-friendly hardwood that is light in color and shows little grain, or when you plan to stain your table a darker color.
Cherry (american black) A northeastern hardwood, very popular in high-end furniture making as it exhibits beautiful grain and coloration. Light pinkish brown in color when cut fresh, cherry darkens over time with exposure to light into a deeper golden brown. Darkening can be accelerated by sunlight. It is also a closed grain hardwood making it smooth to touch. The straight grain makes it easy to work with and it is rot and decay resistant. It is generally more expensive than oak or maple, closer to the walnut price range.
Maple (hard) This northeastern tree is a classic choice for woodworkers due to the clean and compact grain and remarkable hardness of the wood. Sapwood is often used with hard maple and is well renowned for its light blonde, almost white coloring.
Pine (eastern white) Harvested throughout eastern North America, this abundant soft wood is reddish to light brown at the heartwood and yellow to near white at the sapwood. This wood does tend to darken with age, giving older tables more character. The appearance of the grain is usually straight and even.
Pine (heart) This type of wood comes from the core of pine trees, as opposed to the outer living layer. The core is a non-living center, as it does not transport nutrients like the outer sapwood layer does. Most heart pine comes from longleaf pine, and is considered a premium lumber. One inch of heart pine takes thirty years to develop. The slow growth of heart pine means that even small quantities are precious. The rareness of this pine, along with its especially hard composition, translate into high cost for the consumer. Today, only about 3% of longleaf pine forests remain from their original levels of the 1700s. Heart pine currently on the market comes from old lumber and salvaged logs from trees that fell before the 1900s.
Red Oak One of the most popular types of hardwood found in US homes, red oak is hard, strong, and reasonably-priced. Highly workable with machines and hand tools, woodworkers value this species for furniture, cabinets and other home decor. It is abundantly available in various widths and thicknesses. It is usually slightly less expensive than white oak, however thicker cuts and quarter-sawn boards can be more costly.
Redwood Our redwood slabs are imported from Northern California. These rare and expensive cuts are taken from older fallen trees, pre-1930s. Redwood is exceptional to work with because it is hardy and durable, but lightweight. Heartwood is colored light pink to reddish brown, while the sapwood can be yellow to white. It has closed pores and a medium texture. Easy to work with machines and by hand, it also glues and finishes very well.
Spruce (black) Typically a creamy white/yellowish color, this wood is a pleasure to work with and very resilient to decay. This resistance to decay made a popular building material in boat building and construction. Found throughout most of Canada, northern New England, and the North Central U.S.
Walnut (black) Also an eastern US hardwood, this premium wood can range from light brown to chocolate brown. Grain has a medium texture and a moderate natural luster. This is a very durable wood. It is relatively easy to work with, and takes well to glue, stains and finishes although it is hardly ever stained as it has a beautiful color naturally. Used in furniture, cabinets, gunstock, and more. Pricing is premium for walnut.